San Diego Cosmetic Dentist Uses Botox Treatment for TMJ, Bruxism & Migraine Headaches
San Diego cosmetic dentist Dr. Susie C. Kwok now uses Botox® therapeutically in the treatment of Temporal Mandibular Joint Disease (TMJD), TMJD headaches, and bruxism. Botox, a purified protein, is placed locally in therapeutic dental medicinal doses to enable controlled muscle relaxation to treat any problem where inappropriate muscle contraction is the problem and to relieve the pain caused by TMJ disease.
Botox® can be injected into the muscles to relax and weaken them. Botox® is an excellent treatment for bruxism because it weakens the muscles enough to prevent the grinding, but not enough to interfere with everyday functions like chewing and speaking.
How Botox® Works
Administration of this protein is a simple and non-surgical procedure whereby very low doses of a natural purified protein are placed into specific muscles which selectively interferes with the muscles ability to contract by relaxing the muscles . The actual mechanism of action is by blocking or reducing the release of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine which is required for the muscle to contract.
Without acetylcholine, the muscle will not contract and, if the muscle does not contract, then it will be unable to pull, stretch and cause pain. When the brain signals the muscle to contract the message is never received and the muscle remains relaxed. This temporarily blocks the nerves from communicating with the muscle, resulting in relaxation and a decrease in pain. It usually takes two to four days to see improvements and the effects tend to last from four to six months. Most patients require retreatment as the muscle returns to function, but is less severe as the muscles are trained to weaken. In addition, stress management and night guard splint therapy are used to reduce the effects of TMJ disease and pain.
How Botox® is Administered
Botox procedures do not require anesthesia and usually take just a few minutes to perform. The protein is deposited into the muscle using a fine needle in order to minimize discomfort and maximize accuracy. It is recommended that patients avoid alcohol for about a week before the procedure. In order to minimize bruising, patients should stop using aspirin and anti-inflammatory medications about two weeks before treatment.
What is BOTOX®?
BOTOX® is a non surgical treatment that has been FDA approved since 2002 as part of a comprehensive therapeutic treatment plan for the treatment of myogenic TMD condition which includes:
- parafunctional clenching pathology
- painful jaw muscles
- migraine headaches linked to chewing muscles
- limited mouth opening (trismus)
- masseteric hypertrophy
- asymmetric smiles
- angular cheilitis
- gummy smiles
- lip hypertoniciity
For more information please contact our office (619) 295-7885 or request an appointment today!